What is Cannabis?
Cannabis is a naturally occurring plant that has been cultivated since 4000 BCE for use as paper and fabric, referred to as hemp. Today we most commonly consume cannabis for its psychoactive and medicinal effects, which vary according to the species, cannabinoids, and terpenes of each individual plant.
Sativa and Indica are the two most common species of cannabis. All of the legal cannabis strains that are bred for human consumption belong to one or both of these families. A third cannabis species, Ruderalis, is less common and really only used for breeding certain hybrids.
Sativa is a taller cannabis plant with a longer growing season and believed to have lower levels of CBD than Indica plants. People often associate Sativa-dominant strains with up-tempo, cerebral effects though THC levels are the true indication of this type of experience.
Hybrids are the result of breeding two or more cannabis species together. This produces strains with more unique profiles. Nearly all of the strains we are accustomed to are Hybrids. Depending on how they’re bred, Hybrids can be Indica-dominant, Sativa-dominant or balanced. A balanced cannabis plant type does not necessarily mean it has a 1:1 THC/CBD ratio.
Indica is a shorter cannabis plant with a shorter growing season and believed to have higher levels of CBD than Sativa. People often associate Indica-dominant strains with down-tempo, sedating effects though CBD levels are the true indication of this type of experience.
*Sativa - left; Indica - right